Pak choi, Bok choi, Pak choye, Chinese cabbage, Chinese chard, Chinese mustard, Chinese savoy, celery mustard, spoon cabbage, Taatsai, caisin
Brassica rapa chinensis
Bok choy has white to pale green coloured stems, with rounded, dark-green leaves. The stems have a texture similar to celery, while the leaves are similar to spinach. Both the leaves and the stems are eaten, usually in Asian vegetable dishes or stir fries. It has a slight mustard flavour. This vegetable is a member of the brassica—or cabbage—family, also known as a cruciferous vegetable.
Bok choy has thick, firm stalks and glossy, dark green leaves. Harvest early in the day or when cool. Remove any damaged or yellow leaves.
Postharvest storage temperature
Optimal storage is 0–1°C. It may be hydro-cooled, room cooled or top iced. Avoid freezing. For temporary storage, a temperature of <2°C is recommended. Leaf yellowing occurs at higher temperatures. Long term storage is not recommended.
Controlled atmosphere storage
Brassica vegetables respond well to modified atmospheres. In storage, minimise air circulation to limit water loss, remove excess carbon dioxide and maintain oxygen levels.
Avoid ethylene exposure as it decreases the shelf life of all green, leafy vegetables, although varieties differ in sensitivity.
Store at 95–100% relative humidity.
Disease & infection
Bacterial decay can arise from various soft-rot causing organisms, but more often from physical injury. Less common are fungal pathogens, which occur under rainy and cool growing conditions.
|Qty per serve||% RDI per serve||Qty per 100g|
|Energy||61 kJ||1%||81 kJ|
|Protein||2.0 g||4%||2.6 g|
|Fat, total||0.2 g||0%||0.2 g|
|– saturated||0 g||0%||0 g|
|Carbohydrate||0.5 g||0%||0.6 g|
|– sugars||0.5 g||1%||0.5 g|
|Dietary fibre, total||1.8 g||6%||2.4 g|
|Sodium||44 mg||2%||59 mg|
|Folate||30 µg||15% RDI||40 µg|
|Vitamin B6||0.39 mg||24% RDI||0.52 mg|
|Vitamin C||14 mg||34% RDI||18 mg|
|Vitamin K||35 µg||43% ESADDI||46 µg|
With full-sized bok choy, wash and separate leaves from stalks, as thick stalks have a longer cooking time. It's best to cook for as little time as possible to maximise nutrients.